Convert x to z value

x =

Average (μ) =

Standard deviation (σ) =



z =

Z-Score Formula

The formula to convert x to z is the following:
z = (x - μ) / σ

x : the value being solved for
μ : the average or mean
σ : the standard deviation

Sample z-score problem

Haley received a 92 on a test. The class average is 76 with a standard deviation of 7. What is the z-score?

z = (92 - 76) / 7

The z-score is: 2.2857
What does this mean?

This value means that Haley's 92 is 2.2857 standard deviations from the mean. If she fell within 2 standard deviations to the right and left of the average score she would have been within 95% of the class scores, but because she is slightly over 2 standard deviations, it can be inferred that she did better than 95% of the class.

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